Physics of objects with micron or nanometer dimensions, under various forms, is a general topic, rich in past successes and in future projects within the Triangle de la Physique. For several decades progression in the elaboration of complex materials and structures, controlled to within an atomic layer, has led to the opening of new fields, both in semi-conductor physics and magnetism, and more recently with functional oxides.
Within the perimeter of the Triangle de la Physique, theoreticians abound, whether they are grouped in several large theoretical physics laboratories well identified at the UPS (LPT, LPTMS), the CEA (IPhT) or the “Ecole Polytechnique” (CPhT), or immersed within larger units, working with experimentalists (LUMAT, LPS).
Physics of objects with micron or nanometer dimensions under miscellaneous forms is a general theme, rich in past successes and future projects in the Triangle de la Physique. For several decades, with the progress in elaborating complex materials and structures controlled to within one atomic layer, the opening of new fields has been made possible, both in semi-conductor physics and magnetism and more recently with functional oxides.
This work resulted in many modern components, such as two-dimensional gas transistors, lasers and quantum well detectors, quantum cascade lasers, and during this last decade, magnetic components for spin control. In this respect, the internationally recognised essential and durable role of certain laboratories within the network should be noted: TRT, UMR CNRS/Thales, LPN, and IEF.
Axis D should be involved in maturation of projects; the latter should be understood in the broadest sense and the board does not wish to impose selection criteria based on the state of advancement of the projects; imposing a strict scope for funding is not conceivable in this field. Flexibility and open-mindedness have been unanimously demanded; considering the number of files to be processed, a study on a case-by-case basis will be conducted.